## Mathematical goals

This lesson unit is intended to help you assess how well students are able to identify and use geometrical knowledge to solve a problem. In particular, it aims to identify and help students who have difficulty in:

• Making a mathematical model of a geometrical situation.
• Drawing diagrams to help with solving a problem.
• Identifying similar triangles and using their properties to solve problems.
• Tracking and reviewing strategic decisions when problem-solving.

## Introduction

The lesson is structured in the following way:

• Before the lesson, students attempt an assessment task individually. You review their solutions and formulate questions to help them improve their work.
• At the start of the lesson students work individually answering your questions. They then work collaboratively in pairs or threes to produce a joint solution to the same task. They justify and explain their chosen method. Working in the same small groups, they critique examples of other students’ work on the task.
• In a whole-class discussion, students explain and compare the alternative approaches they have seen and used.
• In a follow-up lesson, students work individually to reflect on what they have learned.

## Materials required

• Each student will need a copy of the Floodlights task, the How Did You Work? questionnaire, and a sheet of squared paper.
• Each small group of students will need a large sheet of paper and copies of the Sample Responses to Discuss.
• Provide squared and plain paper, rules, pencils, protractors, and calculators for students to choose from. There is a projector resource provided to support whole-class discussions.

## Time needed

30 minutes before the lesson, an 80-minute lesson (or two 45-minute lessons), and 15 minutes in a follow-up lesson. Timings are approximate. Exact timings will depend on the needs of the class.

## Mathematical Practices

This lesson involves a range of mathematical practices from the standards, with emphasis on:

## Mathematical Content Standards

This lesson asks students to select and apply mathematical content from across the grades, including the content standards: